Romanticism is an early 19th century European movement.
In the beginning, Romanticism came to mean ‘anti-Classicism’. and the movement took on different characteristics throughout Europe, not just among painters, but also among poets.
In England, poets such as Shelley and Keats emerged.
Byron sought glory and adventure.
Wordsworth expressed a love of nature in words of ‘clouds and daffodils’ and his love of the Lake District.
Landscape painting was explored by Constable, Palmer and others. The Middle Ages were revived as a source of artistic and architectural interest rather than something to fight against.
John William Maynard Turner found a radical and expressive technique with which to depict his view of the natural world. Sunrise Between Two Headlands (right) painted in 1826 is a fascinating approach to a landscape.
Other great artists associated with Romanticism include, Caspar David Friedrich, Francisco Goya, Sir Thomas Lawrence, Sir Edwin Landseer and William Blake.
In the United States, the Romantic movement was the Hudson River School of dramatic landscape painting.
Obvious successors of Romanticism include the Pre-Raphaelite movement and the Symbolists. But Impressionism, and through it almost all of 20th century art, is also firmly rooted in the Romantic tradition.